charlock_holmes is a useful gem if you have to deal with
user supplied data which may come in a variety of text-encodings. Not only does
it enable you to detect the encoding of a string, but it also allows you to
transcode the string to a different encoding.
libicu to deal with string encoding.
Unfortunately, the default Heroku buildpack for Ruby doesn’t include
libicu which prevents bundler from being able to compile
There have been a few attempts at solving this problem, most of which are
discussed over on stack overflow. The accepted
answer is a common solution, which relies on using
a version of the gem which includes a bundled version of
libicu. While this
works, it does result in very slow build times both on heroku, and locally when
doing a bundle install.
Another solution uses a custom version of the ruby
buildpack which includes
libicu — while this is a simple solution it
relies on the maintainer of that solution keeping it up to date with heroku’s
My favourite solution seems to move in the right direction,
heroku-buildpack-apt to install
libicu using apt.
Unfortunately it uses a forked version of the
adds specific behaviour for
charlock_holmes and where
bundler can find the
libicu installed by
My solution builds upon the previous solution, but rather than use a custom
version of the
heroku-buildpack-apt I have added one more buildpack into the
This buildpack allows you to configure your heroku bundler config in your
repository in the
.heroku-bundle directory. During the build it will move this
.bundle, and most importantly, make sure that all
point correctly to the temporary build directory.
$ heroku config:set BUILDPACK_URL=https://github.com/ddollar/heroku-buildpack-multi.git
When you push to heroku, this buildpack will check for a
which specify the different buildpacks you want to use:
https://github.com/ddollar/heroku-buildpack-apt https://github.com/timolehto/heroku-bundle-config https://github.com/heroku/heroku-buildpack-ruby
heroku-buildpack-apt will then check for an
Aptfile and install the
Finally, you need to configure you
.heroku-bundle/config to make sure that
bundler can use your newly installed version of
--- BUNDLE_FROZEN: '1' BUNDLE_PATH: vendor/bundle BUNDLE_BIN: vendor/bundle/bin BUNDLE_JOBS: 4 BUNDLE_WITHOUT: development:test BUNDLE_DISABLE_SHARED_GEMS: '1' BUNDLE_BUILD__CHARLOCK_HOLMES: --with-icu-lib=/app/.apt/usr/lib --with-icu-include=/app/.apt/usr/include
That should be all you need.